Aims The authors sought to investigate the ability of the Doppler-derived myocardial performance index (MPI) to predict cardiotoxicity in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients under mitoxantrone therapy.
Methods and results The aauthors prospectively evaluated 28 MS patients (mean age 41±9 years, 12 males and 16 females) treated with low-dose mitoxantrone (basal mean cumulative dose 30±14 mg/m2, end of follow-up mean dose 41±17 mg/m2). All patients underwent two-dimensional and Doppler-echocardiography at baseline and after a mean follow-up of 22±8 months. MPI was estimated using mitral inflow and left ventricular (LV) outflow pattern. Comparing data at baseline and at the end of follow-up, significant decrease in ejection fraction (EF) was observed (60±5 vs 56±4, p<0.03). The MPI was 0.52±0.1 at baseline and 0.60±0.1 at the end of follow-up (p<0.04). Such difference was mainly due to a isovolumic relaxation time prolongation (80±12 at baseline and 98±30 at the end of follow-up, p<0.05). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve, analysed for an MPI cut-point value of 0.57, in identifying a significant reduction of LVEF ≤50% was of 0.94±0.065 with sensitivity and specificity of 97.5% and 90%, respectively.
Conclusion In conclusion, it can be speculated that a higher basal value of MPI could represent a subclinical LV cardiotoxicity, identifying a future decrease of EF and a progression to congestive heart failure in MS patients under mitoxantrone therapy.
- Multiple sclerosis
- myocardial performance index
- cardiac function
- systolic dysfunction
- heart failure
- cardiac resynchronisation therapy
- hypertensive heart disease
Statistics from Altmetric.com
Competing interests None.
Patient consent Obtained.
Ethics approval The local medical ethics committee.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.