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Prevalence of rheumatic heart disease in Senegalese school children: a clinical and echocardiographic screening
  1. Aliou Alassane Ngaïdé1,
  2. Alassane Mbaye1,
  3. Adama Kane2,3,
  4. Mouhamadou Bamba Ndiaye2,
  5. Modou Jobe2,4,
  6. Malick Bodian2,
  7. Momar Dioum2,
  8. Simon Antoine Sarr2,
  9. Fatou Aw2,
  10. Prisca Sede Mbakop1,
  11. Fatimata Gatta Ba2,
  12. Ngoné Diaba Gaye1,
  13. Alioune Tabane2,
  14. Mamadou Bassirou Bah2,
  15. Sarah Mouna Coly2,
  16. Dior Diagne1,
  17. Bouna Diack1,
  18. Maboury Diao2,
  19. Abdoul Kane1
  1. 1Cardiology Department of Grand Yoff General Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
  2. 2Cardiology Department of Aristide Le Dantec Teaching Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
  3. 3Unités de Formation et de Recherche (UFR), Santé Université Gaston Berger de Saint-Louis, Saint Louis, Sénégal
  4. 4Medical Research Council Unit, Atlantic Boulevard, Fajara, The Gambia
  1. Correspondence to Dr Modou Jobe, Service de Cardiologie, CHU Aristide Le Dantec, Dakar BP 3001; Senegal; modoujobe{at}gmail.com

Abstract

Objective To study the prevalence of rheumatic heart disease (RHD) in schools (locally referred to as ‘daaras’) located in the city of Dakar and its suburbs using both clinical examination and echocardiography.

Methods This is a cross-sectional study conducted from 9 August to 24 December 2011 involving 2019 pupils, aged between 5 and 18 years selected from the 16 ‘daaras’ of the Academic Inspectorate (Inspection d'Académie) of the city of Dakar and its suburbs. Anamnestic, clinical and echocardiographic data were collected and entered into a questionnaire designed for the study. The World Heart Federation criteria for echocardiographic diagnosis were used to diagnose RHD. p<0.05 was considered statistically significant in bivariate analysis.

Results About 60.1% of the pupils were men and the mean age was 9.7±3.3 years. 10 cases of definite RHD were detected, prevalence being 4.96 per 1000 (95% CI 2.4 to 9.1). This prevalence was five times higher with echocardiographic screening compared with clinical screening. 23 cases (11.4 per 1000) of borderline forms were detected. The populations at risk of definite RHD identified in our study were children over 14 years (p<0.001), those with recurrent sore throat (p=0.003) and those residing in the suburbs of the city of Dakar (p<0.001).

Conclusion Our study shows a relatively high prevalence of RHD. Reducing its prevalence should focus on the implementation of appropriate policies, targeting at-risk populations and focusing on raising awareness and early detection.

  • VALVULAR DISEASE
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