Table 5

RHD burden estimates in countries and areas with 2015 human development indices unspecified, 1980–2017

Study author, publication yearCountry (coverage)Study periodData sourceStudy populationMetricBurden estimates
Tsai and Wen, 198935
Mortality trends in a rapidly developing economy in Taiwan. Part 1: Comparison with the USA and Japan 1976–1983
1976–1983Vital statistics data (ICD-9 codes 393–398)General populationRHD as a proportion of total deaths1983:
Males 244 of 54 563 total deaths (0.45%)
Females 258 of 35 268 total deaths (0.73%)
RHD age-adjusted mortality rate% change in age-adjusted mortality rate for RHD between 1976-1983:
Males 28.9% decrease Females 25.2% decrease
Lue et al, 198836
Establishment of a rheumatic heart disease registry in Taipei: an early appraisal
(subnational, Taipei)
1985School screening study462 373 school children aged 6–18 years administered questionnaire.
380 886 responses: 4967 suspected as having RF/RHD. 3716 examined +/- echocardiography, 121 of whom found to have RHD
371 265 with no symptoms reported on questionnaire; 4654 of whom randomly sampled for exam, 1 found with RHD
RHD prevalence among school childrenAdjusted prevalence rate 0.62 per 1000 in 1985
significant decline from 1970 (1.4 per 1000 among 6–13 year-olds)
Lue et al, 198337
Clinical and epidemiological features of rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease in Taiwan and the Far East
1946–1981Admissions dataPaediatric admissionsRF/RHD frequency among paediatric admissionsRF/RHD cases per 1000 paediatric admissions:
1946: 5
1975: 25.6
(national)1956–1981Mortality dataGeneral populationRF/RHD mortality rates1956: 175 deaths per million population
1981: 45 deaths per million population
(subnational)1970–71Population survey9425 randomised urban Taipei population, all agesRHD prevalence in general population2.6 per 1000
Males 2.0 per 1000
Females 2.8 per 1000
  • ICD International Classification of Diseases; RF, rheumatic fever; RHD, rheumatic heart disease.