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Renin–angiotensin–aldosterone inhibition improves right ventricular function: a meta-analysis
  1. Jacob Y Cao1,
  2. Seung Yeon Lee1,
  3. Kevin Phan1,2,
  4. David S Celermajer1,3,
  5. Sean Lal1,3
  1. 1 Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
  2. 2 NeuroSpine Surgery Research Group (NSURG), Prince of Wales Private Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
  3. 3 Department of Cardiology, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
  1. Correspondence to Dr Sean Lal, School of Medical Sciences, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia; sean{at}anatomy.usyd.edu.au

Abstract

The benefits of inhibiting the renin–angiotensin–aldosterone system (RAAS) are well established for left ventricular dysfunction, but remain unknown for right ventricular (RV) dysfunction. The aim of the current meta-analysis is to investigate the role of RAAS inhibition on RV function in those with or at risk of RV dysfunction. Medline, PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane Libraries were systematically searched and 12 studies were included for statistical synthesis, comprising 265 RAAS inhibition treatment patients and 265 placebo control patients. The treatment arm showed a trend towards increased RV ejection fraction (weighted mean difference (WMD)=0.95, 95% CI −0.12 to 2.02, p=0.08) compared with the control arm. Subgroup analysis demonstrated a trend towards improvement in RV ejection fraction in patients receiving angiotensin receptor blockers compared with control (WMD=1.11, 95% CI −0.02 to 2.26, p=0.06), but not in the respective comparison for ACE inhibitors (WMD=0.07, 95% CI −2.74 to 2.87, p>0.05). No differences were shown between the two groups with regard to maximal oxygen consumption, RV end-systolic volume, RV end-diastolic volume, duration of cardiopulmonary exercise testing, and resting and maximal heart rate. Mild adverse drug reactions were common but evenly distributed between the treatment and control groups. The current meta-analysis highlights that there may be a role for RAAS inhibition, particularly treatment with angiotensin receptor blockers, in those with or at risk of RV dysfunction. However, further confirmation will be required by larger prospective trials.

  • heart failure
  • pharmacology
  • cardiac function

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Footnotes

  • Contributors JYC: data extraction, analysis and interpretation plus manuscript draft and critical revision. SYK and KP: data extraction and analysis DC: data interpretation and critical revision. SL: conception of study, data analysis and interpretation and critical revision.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent Not required.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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