Case presentation A 47-year-old Caucasian woman with type 1 diabetes presented with epigastric pain and vomiting. She had not been adherent with her diet and insulin therapy for the past 3 weeks. She never had a personal or family history of arrhythmia-related symptoms, ventricular tachycardia or fibrillation (VT/VF) or premature sudden cardiac death (SCD). Examination revealed dry mucosa, tachycardia and epigastric tenderness to palpation. Her ECG showed ST elevations (V1–V3) with associated T wave inversions (figure 1A). A baseline ECG 1 year ago had no abnormalities. Serial troponin I and T were negative, but Creatinine Kinase MB (CKMB) was elevated. Her biochemistry test showed sodium of 118 mM, potassium of 6.7 mM, bicarbonate of 4 mM, anion gap of 40, glucose of 985 mM and beta hydroxyl-butyrate of >45.0 mg/dL. Cardiac catheterisation revealed normal anatomy with all vessels widely patent; left ventricular end diastolic pressure (LVEDP) was 1 mm Hg. With treatment, diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) resolved after 8 hours and repeat ECG showed all changes had resolved (figure 1B). She was monitored on telemetry without any VT/VF episodes. Serial ECGs were done with resolution of changes. She had no positive studies for inducible VT. The rest of her admission was uneventful.
Question Which of the following is the best next step in managing this patient?
Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) placement.
SCN5A gene mutation testing.
Observation without therapy.
- diabetic heart disease
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