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A 22-year-old female was referred from a distant institution with a 3-week history of palpitations, dizziness, facial swelling, cyanosis and syncope. Upon admission, transthoracic echocardiography revealed a solid mass collapsing the right atrium protruding into the tricuspid valve, displacing the interatrial septum extending across it into the left atrium and infiltrating the aortic wall (figure 1—movies 1, 2). Emergency surgical exploration was indicated owing to the poor condition of the patient. At surgery, there was pericardial effusion, and infiltration of the right cavities, superior and inferior venae cavae, right superior pulmonary vein and pulmonary artery. A right atrial biopsy was taken, and the case was deemed to be non-resectable.
Histological examination of a 1.5×0.5 cm sample confirmed large areas of necrosis. There were lymphoid-like round cells with oval nuclei, multiple areas of mitosis and karyorrhexys. Immunohistochemistry was performed. Tumour cells were immunoreactive to anti-CD20. There was no immunoreaction to CD3, CD30, EMA and α-phetoproteine. The final histopathological and immunohistochemistry diagnosis was cardiac infiltration by large B-cell lymphoma.
Primary intracardiac lymphomas are uncommon but not exceptional. Aggressive clinical presentation is frequent including signs and symptoms of superior vena cava syndrome or other according to location. Some cases are amenable for surgical resection. Reported experiences with or without surgical excision are consistent with a poor short-term prognosis even with chemotherapy.1 2 This case particularly depicts the way an intracardiac lymphoma grew silent until massive spread through the interatrial septum and cavities involved major left and right vascular structures leading to cardiovascular collapse.
General support was given in care by AM Alewa and A Ifthikar.
Competing interests None.
Ethics approval This study was approved by Department of Cardiovascular Surgery—Medical Director.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; internally peer reviewed.