Article Text

An uncommon picture of endomyocardial fibrosis: no embolism yet
  1. Prabha Nini Gupta1,
  2. Subair M Kunju2,
  3. Sunitha Vishwanathan1,
  4. Jinesh M Thomas3,
  5. Bindu R Kumar4
  1. 1Department of Cardiology, Medical College Hospital, Trivandrum, Kerala, India
  2. 2Department of Cardiology, MCH Allepey, Vandanam, Kerala, India
  3. 3Department of Cardiology, MCH, Trivandrum, Kerala, India
  4. 4Department of Radiodiagnosis, MCH, Trivandrum, Kerala, India
  1. Correspondence to Dr Prabha Nini Gupta, Department of Cardiology, Medical College Hospital, T/C 5/2091, Near the Srikrishna Temple, Cheruvekkal, Srikaryam, Trivandrum, Kerala 695017, India; ninigupta{at}


We present here a review of the various gradings of endomyocardial fibrosis from autopsy (Shaper's types). Echocardiography accurately delineates the extent of fibrosis of either the right or left ventricle and we have illustrated a typical classical case. We have images of the same patient from 2010, 2011 and 2012 and so we use this to illustrate the echocardiographic gradings.

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.