Table 1

Baseline clinical and echocardiographic profile at rest of the athletes studied

ParameterAthletes (n=24), mean (±SD)
Age (years)22±3
Male gender (n)16 (67%)
Body surface area (m2)1.6±0.2
Resting heart rate (beats per min)64±10
Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg)110±7
Diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg)66±8
Left atrial volume index (mL/m2)33±7
LV end-diastolic dimension (cm)5.0±0.4
LV end-systolic dimension (cm)3.5±0.4
LV end-diastolic volume (mL)125±24
LV end-systolic volume (mL)51±12
LV interventricular septum (mm)8.4±1.3
LV posterior wall dimension (mm)9.4±1.5
LV mass index (g/m2)105±21
LV ejection fraction (%)60±5
Peak E velocity (cm/s)8.5±1.7
Peak A velocity (cm/s)4.9±2.1
E/A ratio1.9±0.6
  • A, late diastolic in-flow velocity; E, early diastolic in-flow velocity; LV, left ventricular.