Table 1

Demographics, baseline characteristics and comorbidities of the oesophageal varices (EV) with and without transoesophageal echocardiography (TEE) groups

EV-TEEEV without TEEP value
Patients, n24281 086
Mean age in years (±SD)62.0 (11.8)58.2 (12.6)<0.01
Female34.3%36.6%0.45
Chronic liver disease100%99.3%0.19
Alcoholism23.6%40.6%<0.01
Chronic peptic ulcer disease7.4%7.1%0.83
Bacteraemia8.3%0.9%<0.01
Infective endocarditis16.1%0.5%<0.01
Hypertension60.3%50.0%<0.01
Diabetes mellitus47.1%34.6%<0.01
Hyperlipidaemia29.3%17.6%<0.01
Chronic kidney disease26.5%17.4%<0.01
Chronic coronary artery disease27.7%12.5%<0.01
Congestive heart failure31.4%10.0%<0.01
Valvular heart disease30.2%4.6%<0.01
Peripheral vascular disease12.0%4.6%<0.01
Chronic pulmonary disease20.3%16.7%0.13
Obesity17.4%13.5%0.08
Long-term anticoagulation7.0%3.0%<0.01
Smoking37.6%40.9%0.29
Abnormal coagulation profile2.5%1.8%0.41
Thrombocytopenia43.0%39.1%0.22