The practice of prophylactic use of antibiotics before certain procedures for preventing infective endocarditis (IE) is not based on rigorous scientific data. It seems reasonable, however, to offer prophylactic antibiotics before dental procedures to patients who would have the highest risk of adverse events if they were to develop IE. The current recommendations do not include patients with rheumatic heart disease (RHD) in such a category. In the real world, however, patients with underlying RHD suffer high morbidity and mortality with IE due to several reasons. Consequently, prophylactic antibiotics should be used judiciously in patients with RHD. Further, other patient related factors might influence the decision to use antibiotics.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Commissioned; internally peer reviewed.
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.